What is the pelvic floor?


The pelvic floor the collection of muscles and connective tissue that make up the floor of the pelvis.
The muscular component stretches like a sling from the pubic bone at the front to the tailbone at the back and consists of a deep layer and a superficial layer.




What do the pelvic floor muscles do?


1. Upwards support for the pelvic organs i.e. bladder, uterus and bowel
2. Maintain bladder and bowel control
3. Play a role in sexual sensation and function
4. Work with the deep abdominal, back muscles and diaphragm to support your spine. All these muscles together make up the ‘core’.


A weakened or dysfunctional pelvic floor is a serious condition for both women and men, and can impact one’s wellbeing and quality of life in numerous ways.


Disorders associated with Pelvic Floor dysfunction:

  • Incontinence
  • Urgency
  • Vaginal prolapse
  • Vulvodynia (pain and tenderness in the vulva)
  • Vaginismus



  • Perineal pain and discomfort
  • Pain associated with sexual intercourse
  • Vaginal heaviness or bulging sensation
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Constipation
  • Difficulty with emptying bladder and bowel
  • Increased frequency of urination during the day or night or both
  • Potentially associated pelvic or lower back pain


What treatments can assist with this issue?

Women’s Health Physiotherapy